PAL: Perspectives in American Literature - A Research and Reference Guide
An Ongoing Project

© Paul P. Reuben Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus, Department of English
California State University, Stanislaus

Preface Citations Feedback Home Page PAL: Scavenger Hunt

Alphabetical List: 458 American Author Pages: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W Y Z

April 11, 2014

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Table of Contents

Chapters: 1 (Puritanism) 2 (The Age of Reason) 3 (Romanticism) 4 (Transcendentalism) 5 (Realism) 6 (Naturalism) 7 (Early 20th C. and Modernism) 8 (American Drama) 9 (Harlem Renaissance) 10 (Late 20th C. and Postmodernism) Appendices

Chapter 1: Early American Literature to 1700

Selected Bibliography
Introduction
The Bay Psalm Book & The New England Primer
Native American Oral Literature

William Bradford
Anne Bradstreet
Anne Hutchinson
Cotton Mather
Thomas Morton
Mary Rowlandson
Samuel Sewall

Thomas Shepard
John Smith
Edward Taylor
Michael Wigglesworth
John Williams
Roger Williams
John Winthrop

Chapter 2: Early American Literature 1700-1800 


Selected Bibliography
Introduction
John Adams and Abigail Adams
Elizabeth Ashbridge
H. H. Brackenridge
Charles Brockden Brown
William Hill Brown
William Byrd
The Connecticut Wits

St. Jean De Crevecoeur
Jonathan Edwards
Olaudah Equiano
Hannah Webster Foster
Benjamin Franklin
Philip Freneau
Jupiter Hammon
Thomas Jefferson
Sarah Kemble Knight

Judith Sargent Murray
Samuel Occum
Thomas Paine
Francisco Palou
Susanna Rowson
Royall Tyler
Mercy Otis Warren
Phillis Wheatley
John Woolman

Chapter 3: Nineteenth Century to 1865 and Romanticism


Selected Bibliography
Introduction
William Apess
Elias Boudinot
William Wells Brown
William Cullen Bryant
Alice and Phoebe Cary
James Fenimore Cooper
George Copway
Davy Crockett
Maria Susanna Cummins
Richard Henry Dana, Jr.
Martin Robison Delany
Frederick Douglass
Fanny Fern
Josiah Gregg

Nathaniel Hawthorne
Caroline Lee Hentz
Oliver Wendell Holmes
Washington Irving
Harriet A. Jacobs
Caroline Kirkland
Henry Clay Lewis
Lewis and Clark Expedition
George Lippard
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
James Russell Lowell
Herman Melville
Anna Cora Mowatt
John Neal
Mordecai Noah
Frederick Law Olmsted

James Kirke Paulding
Edgar Allan Poe
John Rollin Ridge
Rebecca Rush
Catharine Maria Sedgwick
Lydia Sigourney
William Gilmore Simms
Harriet Prescott Spofford
Elizabeth Stoddard
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Alexis de Tocqueville
Frederick Goddard Tuckerman
David Walker
Susan and Anna Warner
Frank J. Webb
Harriet E. Adams Wilson


Top

Chapter 4: Nineteenth Century to 1865 and Transcendentalism


Selected Bibliography
Introduction
The Anti-Slavery Movement
The Utopian Movement
The Women's Rights Movement
Amos Bronson Alcott
Susan B. Anthony
Orestes Augustus Brownson
William Ellery Channing
William Henry Channing
Mary Boykin Chesnut
Lydia Maria Child

James Freeman Clarke
Christopher Pearse Cranch
Caroline Dall
Emily Dickinson
John Sullivan Dwight
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Margaret Fuller
William Lloyd Garrison
Horace Greeley
Sarah & Angelina Grimke
Frederick Henry Hedge
Julia Ward Howe

Abraham Lincoln
James Marsh
Theodore Parker
Elizabeth Palmer Peabody
Wendell Phillips
George Ripley and Brook Farm
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Henry David Thoreau
Sojourner Truth
Jones Very
Walt Whitman
John Greenleaf Whittier

Chapter 5: Late Nineteenth Century and Realism


Selected Bibliography
Introduction
Henry Adams
Louisa May Alcott
Horatio Alger
María Amparo Ruiz de Burton
George Washington Cable

Rebecca Harding Davis
Alice Dunbar-Nelson
Frances Ellen Watkins Harper
Bret Harte
Thomas Wentworth Higginson
Joel Chandler Harris
William Dean Howells
Helen Hunt Jackson

Henry James
Sarah Orne Jewett
Grace King
Sidney Lanier
José Martí
Elizabeth Stuart Phelps
Mark Twain
Constance Fenimore Woolson

Chapter 6: Late Nineteenth Century: 1890-1910: Naturalism


Selected Bibliography
Introduction
Mary Antin
Ambrose Bierce
Nellie Bly
Charles Waddell Chesnutt
Kate Chopin

Ina Coolbrith
Stephen Crane
Theodore Dreiser
Paul Laurence Dunbar
Charles Alexander Eastman
Mary E. Wilkins Freeman
Hamlin Garland

Charlotte Perkins Gilman
Lafcadio Hearn
O. Henry
Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins
Jack London
Frank Norris
Booker T. Washington


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Chapter 7: Early Twentieth Century: Modernism


Selected Bibliography
Introduction
Conrad Aiken
Sherwood Anderson
Mary Austin
Djuna Barnes
Stephen Vincent Benét
John Peale Bishop
Black Elk
Louise Bogan
Randolph Bourne
Kay Boyle
Louise Bryant
Pearl S. Buck
Edgar Rice Burroughs
Witter Bynner
James Branch Cabell
Willa Cather
Erskine Caldwell
Hart Crane
E. E. Cummings
H.D.
John Dos Passos
Richard Eberhart
T. S. Eliot
James T. Farrel

William Faulkner
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Robert Francis
Robert Frost
Ellen Glasgow
Michael Gold
Emma Goldman
Caroline Gordon
Ernest Hemingway
Robert E. Howard
Robinson Jeffers
Ring Lardner
Sinclair Lewis
Vachel Lindsay
H. P. Lovecraft
Amy Lowell
Mina Loy
Archibald Macleish
Edgar Lee Masters
Mary McCarthy
D'arcy McNickle
H. L. Mencken
Edna St. Vincent Millay
Marianne Moore
Mourning Dove
John O'Hara
Dorothy Parker

Katherine Anne Porter
Ezra Pound
John Crowe Ransom
Saunders Redding
John Reed
Charles Reznikoff
Elizabeth Madox Roberts
Edwin Arlington Robinson
Carl Sandburg
William Saroyan
Upton Sinclair
Gertrude Stein
John Steinbeck
Wallace Stevens
Allen Tate
Sara Teasdale
James Thurber
Robert Penn Warren
Nathanael West
Edith Wharton
William Carlos Williams
Thomas Wolfe
Richard Wright
Elinor Wylie
Anzia Yezierska
Louis Zukofsky

 

Chapter 8: American Drama


Selected Bibliography
Introduction
Zoe Akins
Edward Albee
Maxwell Anderson
George Axelrod
Philip Barry
Dion Boucicault
Ed Bullins
Paddy Chayefsky
Alice Childress
William Dunlap
Edna Ferber
Charles Fuller

William Gibson
Susan Glaspell
Paul Green
A. R. Gurney
Lorraine Hansberry
Lillian Hellman
Sidney Howard
William Inge
George Kaufman
David Mamet
Terrence McNally
Arthur Miller
Anna Cora Mowatt
Clifford Odets

Eugene O'Neill
Elmer RiceElmer Rice
Willis Richardson
Ntozake Shange
Sam Shepard
Neil Simon
Anna Deavere Smith
Royall Tyler
Luis Valdez
Wendy Wasserstein
Thorton Wilder
Tennessee Williams
August Wilson
Lanford Wilson

Chapter 9: Harlem Renaissance


Selected Bibliography
Introduction
Research and Study Topics
Gwendolyn Bennett
Blues Lyrics
Marita Bonner
Arna Bontemps
Sterling A Brown
Countee Cullen
W. E. B. Du Bois
Jessie Redmon Fauset

Rudolph Fisher
Marcus Garvey
Angelina Weld Grimke
Langston Hughes
Zora Neale Hurston
Charles Spurgeon Johnson
James Weldon Johnson
Nella Larsen
Alain Locke
Claude McKay
Richard Bruce Nugent

Mary White Ovington
Willis Richardson
George Schuyler
Anne Spencer
Wallace Thurman
Jean Toomer
Carl Van Vechten
Eric Walrond
Dorothy West
Walter White


Top

Chapter 10: Late Twentieth Century and Postmodernism


Selected Bibliography
Introduction
James Agee
Sherman Alexie
Dorothy Allison
A. R. Ammons
Rudolfo Anaya
Maya Angelou
Gloria Anzaldúa
John Ashbery
James Baldwin
Toni Cade Bambara
Amiri Baraka
John Barth
Donald Barthelme
Saul Bellow
John Berryman
Elizabeth Bishop
Robert Bly
Paul Bowles
Ray Bradbury
Richard Brautigan
Gwendolyn Brooks
Joseph Bruchac
Charles Bukowski
Carlos Bulosan
William S. Burroughs
Truman Capote
Raymond Carver
Raymond Chandler
John Cheever
Frank Chin
John Ciardi
Sandra Cisneros
Lucille Clifton
Robert Creeley
Victor Hernandez Cruz
Don DeLillo
James Dickey
Joan Didion
E. L. Doctorow
Rita Dove
Robert Duncan
Ralph Ellison
Louise Erdrich
Mari Evans
William Everson
Lawrence Ferlinghetti
John Gardner
Allen Ginsberg

Nikki Giovanni
Jessica Hagedorn
Joy Harjo
Michael S. Harper
E. Lynn Harris
Robert Hayden
Robert Heinlein
Joseph Heller
Tony Hillerman
John Hersey
Oscar Hijuelos
Ronaldo Hinojosa-Smith
Lawson Inada
Randall Jarrell
Gish Jen
June Jordan
Jack Kerouac
Ken Kesey
Maxine Hong Kingston
Galway Kinnell
Carolyn Kizer
Etheridge Knight
Yusef Komunyakaa
Maxine Kumin
Stanley Kunitz
Harper Lee
Li-Young Lee
Ursula K. Le Guin
Denise Levertov
Ira Levin
Philip Levine
Audre Lorde
Robert Lowell
Norman Mailer
Bernard Malamud
Paule Marshall
Cormac McCarthy
Frank McCourt
Carson McCullers
James Merrill
Josephine Miles
Henry Miller
N. Scott Momaday
Pat Mora
Toni Morrison
Bharati Mukherjee
Vladimir Nabokov
Howard Nemerov
Lorine Niedecker
Joyce Carol Oates
Tim O'Brien
Flannery O'Connor
Frank O'Hara
Tellie Olsen
Charles Olson

George Oppen
Simon Ortiz
Cynthia Ozick
Grace Paley
Ann Petry
Pedro Pietri
Sylvia Plath
Chaim Potok
Thomas Pynchon
Ayn Rand
John Crowe Ransom
Ishmael Reed
Kenneth Rexroth
Anne Rice
Adrienne Rich
Tomás Rivera
Richard Rodriguez
Theodore Roethke
Wendy Rose
Philip Roth
Muriel Rukeyser
J. D. Salinger
Sonia Sanchez
Anne Sexton
Leslie Marmon Silko
W. D. Snodgrass
Gary Snyder
Susan Sontag
Gary Soto
Terry Southern
William Stafford
Wallace Stegner
William Styron
Gay Talese
Amy Tan
Hunter S. Thompson
Melvin B. Tolson
John Updike
Gore Vidal
Helena Maria Viramontes
Gerald Vizenor
Kurt Vonnegut
Alice Walker
Margaret Walker
David Foster Wallace
James Welch
Eudora Welty
John Wideman
Richard Wilbur
C. K. Williams
Tom Wolfe
James Wright
Hisaye Yamamoto
Richard Yates

 
Appendices


Appendix A:
Useful Resources
for Research

Appendix B: Minorities and Women Studies:

African -American Studies
Native-American Studies
Asian-American Studies
Gay & Lesbian Studies
Hispanic & Mexican-American Studies
Jewish-American Studies
Women Studies

Appendix C: American Fiction

Appendix D: Writing Assignments
Appendix D:
Writing Assignments

Appendix E: The Theme of Alienation and Initiation and the Immigrant Experience

Appendix F: Elements of Poetry
Appendix G:
Elements of Fiction
Appendix H:
Elements of Drama
Appendix I:
The MLA Style Appendix J: Research Topics
Appendix K:
American Literary History & Theory
Appendix L:
The Frontier in American Literature

Appendix M: Film Criticism and American Literature
Appendix N:
American Gothic in Literature
Appendix O:
Selected Studies in American Poetry
Appendix P:
American Literature and California
Appendix Q:
American Folklore Appendix R: American Humor, Satire, and Wit
Appendix S:
The American Dream
Appendix T:
Manifest Destiny
Appendix U:
Nature, Ecocriticism, & Ecofeminism
Appendix V:
The American City in Literature and Culture

Top Created July 2, 1995