Public Administration (PADM) 5700 - 001
Fall Semester, 2001
|Professor:||Dr. Susan H. MacDonald|
|Class meetings:||W: 6:00-9:00 p.m.|
|Room 1061, Acacia|
|Office:||132 A Classroom Building|
|Office hours:||5:005:30p Monday in Stockton and Wednesday in Turlock|
|10:00a--2:00p Tuesday in Turlock, and by appointment|
|Office phone:||667-3291 (direct line)|
|667-3388 (for appointments)|
Menzel, Donald C. (1996) The American County: Frontiers of Knowledge, Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.
Kemp, Roger L. (1999) Forms of Local Government: A Handbook on City, County and Regional Options. Jefferson, NC: McFar-land & Company, Inc. (Also on Reserve in Library)
The class will meet every Wednesday from 6:00 to 9:00 p.m. in Stockton. Because this is an advanced level course in the M.P.A. program, the class will be held largely as a seminar. Students will be expected to take an active role in class meetings by staying current with reading assignments, par-ticipating in class discussions as well as leading the dis-cussions from time to time, and pursuing independent research in the form of a case study and class presentation. Class attendance is expected. Students who miss more than one class without permission of the instructor will have their final grade lowered 5 points for each session missed.
|Course content and objectives
The course will be divided into three discrete sections:
The first section will focus on county government in the United States as it has evolved since the nations founding. Emphasis will be placed on the constitutional origins of the county, the various forms of governance county governments have taken, and the functions performed by counties over the years. Changes in county government since devolution in the 1980s, the impact on counties of changes in municipal govern-ment, and the impact of the global economy in the 1990s will be given special attention. This part of the course will em-phasize readings in both Menzels and Kemps books and on Re-serve readings in the Library.
The second part of the course will focus on county government in Californiaespecially as it has evolved in the Northern San Joaquin Valley. In addition to discussing some Reserve readings, students will have an opportunity to meet with various local government officials as well as policy analysts to discuss problems faced by local government and achieve-ments made to deal with these problems. The specific agen-cies emphasized will be determined after the class starts to reflect student interests and educational objectives.
The third part of the course will be devoted to student pres-entations. Each student will be asked to identify a particu-lar problem or issue facing California county government that he or she would like to pursue. Students will be expected to conduct research on this topic by examining literature in the library and meeting with people who work in the field of des-ignated interest. Each student will present her or his find-ings to the class during the final two or three weeks of class. This will be in addition to submitting a paper no later than the following weekthe day scheduled for the final examination.
|Assignments and grading
1. Class discussions
Each student will be expected to lead the discussion of two readings during the semester. Reading assignments are listed after each class session below. Sometimes the readings in-volve more than one chapter in a book or article. Often, however, there are two or more separate reading assignments for one class. While students are responsible for all of the reading assignments each week, they are expected to lead the discussion of only one of the assignments in a given evening.
Students should identify 3 or 4 reading assignments for which they would be willing to lead the discussion and give them to the professor no later than September 20. I will then com-pare the requests, eliminate duplicate requests, and return the assignments to you no later than September 27. (I may e-mail or call people who have requested readings for September 27.) You should asterisk any readings that you are particu-larly interested in and I will make every effort to assign those to you.
Leading class discussions will entail 1) presenting a summary of the reading and 2) raising 2-3 questions for the class to consider. In your summaries, you might want to highlight the most salient points raised by the author(s), identify innova-tive or unusual hypotheses, or identify concerns or possible limitations of the argument. What you choose to emphasize in your statements may well depend on the questions you present to the class for discussion. Whichever approach you select, I would like a written summary of your argument and any ques-tions you intend to raise before class begins.
|Final Presentation and report
As noted above, each student will be expected to identify an issue facing county government that they would like to ex-plore in some detail. The findings will be presented in two forms: an oral presentation to the class, to take approxi-mately 30-45 minutes, and a written paper, approximately 15-20 pages in length.
In preparing a final report, you will be expected to inte-grate information from all parts of the course. This may in-clude adapting solutions used elsewhere in the country, ana-lyzing local situations in light of more general principles of governance, or otherwise demonstrating that you have de-veloped a firm grasp of both the general problems of local government administration as well as the particular aspects of the issue you are investigating.
Student presentations are scheduled for the last three weeks of class. You are expected to apprise me of your general topic and preferred date of presentation by October 11. While you should have at least a rough draft of your paper completed by the time of your presentation, you will be ex-pected to submit a final version of the paper within one week of the presentation. As an incentive to complete this work early, I will read and grade the final papers within one week of their being submitted to me. Students who would like to improve their paper grade may have another week to revise the papers. However, all papers must be submitted by December 13the date set aside for the final exam.
Grades will be calculated as follows:
Leading class discussions: 30%
Class participation: 15%
Final presentation: 25%
Final paper: 30%
|Representative areas of specialization:
Administration of justice
Disaster relief and planning
Land use and planning
Solid waste management
Intellectual honesty is central to any academic endeavor. However, in graduate work it is especially importantboth for the student and the profession in which he or she is engaged. It is important for students to grapple honestly with the ma-terial so that they may find their place within the profes-sion. Developing careful habits of independent thinking as well as attribution of ideas is vital to the intellectual en-deavor. Intellectual honesty is equally important for the profession, which develops and evolves only through the work of its participants. The classroom, then, provides valuable space for the open exchange of ideas and the nurturing of habits that promote and sustain intellectual honesty.
|September 13||Introduction; Course expectations
The United States context for county government; historical origins; public administration research agenda; case studies and other forms of research
Menzel, Donald C., ed., The American County: Fron-tiers of Knowledge. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press. 1996. Chapter 1.
Kemp, Roger L., ed., Forms of Local Government: A Handbook on City, County and Regional Options. Jef-ferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., 1999. Chap-ters 1 and 12 (Reserve)
|September 20||County structure and functions
Menzel, Donald C., ed., The American County: Fron-tiers of Knowledge. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press. 1996. Chapters 2-3, 5-6
Kemp, Roger L., ed., Forms of Local Government: A Handbook on City, County and Regional Options. Jef-ferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., 1999. Chap-ters 2; 13-15 (Reserve)
Class presentation requests are due
|September 27||County Challenges and Reforms
Menzel, Donald C., ed., The American County: Fron-tiers of Knowledge. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press. 1996. Chapters 7-10
Kemp, Roger L. Forms of Local Government: A Hand-book on City, County and Regional Options. Jeffer-son, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., 1999. chapters 30-33.
|October 4||Counties, the Global Economy, and the Future
Menzel, Donald C., ed., The American County: Fron-tiers of Knowledge. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press. 1996. Chapters 11-12
Kemp, Roger L. Forms of Local Government: A Hand-book on City, County and Regional Options. Jeffer-son, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., 1999. chapters 35-36; 37 & 39; 43 (Reserve)
Henton, Douglas, John Melville, and Kimberly Walesh. Grassroots Leaders for a New Economy: How Civic Entrepreneurs Are Building Prosperous Commu-nities. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1997. Chapters 1-2, 3-5 (Reserve)
|October 11||Section II: Introduction to California Local Government
Albuquerque, Manuela. "California and Dillon: the times they are a-changing" Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly 25 (2): 187-196 (1998). Cindy
Cain, Bruce E. and Roger G. Noll Constitutional Re-form in California Berkeley, CA: Institute of Gov-ernmental Studies Press. University of California, Berkeley. 1995. CSU-S owns: JK8716 .C65 1995
Jeffe, Sherry B. " A Question of Governance " Cali-fornia Journal 26 (11), no. November (1995): 22-27 Jose
Lazarovici, Laureen. "Counties in Crisis" Califor-nia Journal 26 (11), no. November (1995): 32-34 Lee
Lewis, Paul G. Deep Roots: Local Government Struc-ture in California. San Francisco: Public Policy Institute of California, 1998. Rosa
Schmid, Gregory. "Reviving Athenian Democracy in California." Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics, & Public Policy VIII (2) (1994): 499-528. Vijay
Schrag, Peter. "Take the Initiative, Please. Ref-erendum Madness in California." The American Pros-pect 28, no. September 1 (1996): 61-65 Jose
Sokolow, Alvin D. and Peter M. Detwiler. "Home Rule in California" prepared for: Home Rule in America: A Fifty State Handbook August, 1999. (Re-serve) in amazon.com as 2000 publication for $139 editors: Dale Krane, Platon Rigos, and Melvin Hill
Topics for paper/presentation are due
|October 18||Demographic and financial change
Baldassare, Mark. PPIC Statewide Survey, January 1999: The Changing Political Landscape. San Fran-cisco: Public Policy Institute of California, 1999. (Reserve)
California. Legislature. Joint Legislative Budget Committee. Legislative Analyst. Why County Reve-nues Vary: State Laws and Local Conditions Affect-ing County Finance: an LAO report. Sacramento, CA.: Legislative Analyst's Office., 1998. (Reserve) also available on the webI can send you the pdf file) Rosa
Lyon, David W. Representation Without Taxation: Proposition 13 and Local Government in California. San Francisco: Public Policy Institute of Califor-nia, 1998. (Reserve) Vijay
Reed, Deborah, Melissa Glenn Haber, and Laura Ma-meesh. The Distribution of Income in California. San Francisco: Public Policy Institute of Califor-nia, 1997. Jose
Shires, Michael A. Patterns in California Govern-ment Revenues since Proposition 13. San Francisco: Public Policy Institute of California, 1999. (Re-serve)
Shires, Michael A., John Ellwood, and Mary Sprague. Has Proposition 13 Delivered? The Changing Tax Bur-den in California. San Francisco: Public Policy In-stitute of California, 1998. (Reserve)
Shires, Michael A., and Melissa Glenn Haber. A Re-view of Local Government Revenue Data in Califor-nia. San Francisco: Public Policy Institute of California, 1997. (Reserve)
|October 25||Review of Library Resources and continued discus-sion of assigned readings
|November 1||Meet with Ms. Julia Greene, Executive Director, San Joaquin Council of Governments
|November 8||Meet with Mr. David Baker, Chief Administrative Of-ficer, San Joaquin County
|November 15||Meet with Mr. Manuel Lopez, Director of Pub-lic Works, San Joaquin County (see handouts)
De-brief afterwards and discuss:
Kirlin, John. "The Impact of Fiscal Limits on Gov-ernance." Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly 25 (2), no. Winter (1998): 197-208.
|November 22||Mr. Bruce Baracco, Executive Officer of LAFCO (Local Agency Formation Commission)
De-brief afterwards and discuss:
Kroes, Stephen. "California Spending: Comparing State and Local Government Spending to Other States." Cal-Tax Digest 2 (9), no. November (1998): 3-5.
|November 29||Ms. Karry Sullivan , Deputy Director of Plan-ning
De-brief afterwards and discuss detailed out-lines of papers
|December 6||Mr. Szalay, California State Association of Counties (CSAC)
De-brief afterwards and discuss:
California Institute for County Government. Effec-tive Fiscal Reform Requires Policy Analysis. (CICG Perspectives), June 2000.
California Institute for County Government. Impli-cations of the Current System of Incentives for County Property Tax Administration in California. (CICG Research Brief), June 2000.
|December 13||Final Exam (none scheduled) Last day to submit pa-pers; all late papers will have their grade lowered 5 points for every day late or the student will be given an incomplete. No student presentations.
Baldassare, Mark, et. al. "Possible Planning Roles for Re-gional Government: A Survey of City Planning Directors in California." Journal of the American Planning Association 62 (1) (1996): 17-29
Barnes, William R., and Larry C. Ledebur. The New Regional Economies: The U.S. Common Market and the Global Economy. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1998.
Bell, Charles G., and Charles M. Price. California Government Today: Politics of Reform. Homewood, IL: Dorsey Press, 1980
Berman, David R. (editor) County Governments in an Era of Change, Contributions in Political Science No. 314, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. 1993.
Berman, David R. "State-Local Relations: Authority, Poli-cies, Cooperation" in Municipal Yearbook, 1999
Bigger, Richard, Evan A. Iverson, Judith Norvell Jamison, James D. Kitchen, and Edward F. Staniford. County Government in California. 3rd ed. Sacramento, CA: County Supervisors As-sociation of California, 1958.
Bollens, Scott A. and Roger W. Caves "Counties and Land-Use Regionalism: Models of Growth Governance" in International Journal of Public Administration 17(5): 851-880 (1994).
Brewster, Lawrence G. A Primer of California Politics. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997.
Cahn, Matthew Alan. California: An Owner's Manual. Upper Sad-dle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1997.
Cain, Bruce E. "Population Trends: Challenges to State and Local Government." Engineering and Science 56 (1), no. Fall (1992): 5-8.
California Constitution Revision Commission. Community Fo-rums: A Series of Public Forums on ways to make the state and local governments more accountable, responsive and efficient. Sacramento, CA: The Commission, 1995. Doc no.: C960.C65
California. Debt Advisory Commission. The Impact of the State Budget on Local Government Finance: A Look at Credit Quality, Infrastructure Investment, and Economic Development Issues. Sacramento, CA: The California Debt Advisory Commis-sion, 1992. A Background Staff Report for the Public Hear-ings.
California. Debt Advisory Commission. The Impact of the 1992-93 State Budget on Local Government Finance. Sacramento, CA: The Debt Advisory Commission, 1993. Report to the Legis-lature.
California. Legislature. Assembly. Committee on Local Gov-ernment. County Fiscal Problems: A Staff Summary Report for the Joint Hearing by the Assembly Local Government Committee. Sacramento, CA: Joint Publications, 1987.
California. Legislature. Assembly. Committee on Local Govern-ment. Guide to Cortese/Knox Local Government Reorganization Act of 1985. Sacramento, CA, 1996, Revised August, 1996.
California. Legislature. Assembly. Committee on Local Gov-ernment. The State/Local Fiscal Crisis: June 11, 1990. Sacra-mento, CA: Joint Publications Office. 1990a.
California. Legislature. Assembly. Committee on Local Gov-ernment. Summary of proceedings, alternatives for reforming local government finance: summary report of the interim hear-ing of the Assembly Local Government Committee. Sacramento, CA: Joint Publications Office., 1990b.
California. Legislature. Senate. It's Time to Draw the Line: A Citizen's Guide to Local Agency Formation Commissions in California. Sacramento: The California Senate, 1996. Doc no.: L500.L6 L62
California. Legislature. Senate. Committee on Local Gov-ernment. Paying for Growth, But at What Price?: Summary Re-port from the Interim Hearing of the Senate Local Government Committee. Sacramento, CA: California. Senate Publications., 1990, 543-S.
California. Legislature. Assembly. Local Government Commit-tee. Summary of Proceedings: Interim Hearing on Allocation of Sales Tax and Other Local Government Revenues: Developing Workable Incentives for Balanced Development. Sacramento, CA.: The Assembly., 1994.
Carney, John P. Governing a Changing California. Garden Grove, CA: Consensus Publishers, 1995.
Children Now. California County Data Book, 1999. (library owns)
Clark, Cal; Janet Clark and Karen A. Stanford. "The Boom-Bust cycle in Wyoming county Spending: Implications for Budget Theories" in International Journal of Public Administration 17(5): 881-910 (1994).
Clark, Victoria. "Get a Job: Welfare-to-Work Programs Help Employers Recruit and Hire Talent" (on cover: Jeff Jue and John Vera are Wiring the San Joaquin Valley Workforce) in Comstocks Business. August, 1999; pp. 19-29.
Coleman, Michael J. "Drafting a Blueprint for Reform: Why Lo-cal Government Fiscal Relief is Needed So Urgently." Western City 73 (9), no. September (1997): pages?
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Crouch, Winston Winford, John Constantinus Bollens, and Stan-ley Scott. California Government and Politics. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1977.
Duncombe, Sydney, William Duncombe, and Richard Kinney. "Fac-tors Influencing the Politics and Process of County Govern-ment Budgeting." State and Local Government Review v. 28, no. 1 Winter (1992): 19-27.
Eggers, William D. Cutting Local Government Costs Through Competition and Privatization: California Chamber of Com-merce, 1997.
Feiock, Richard C. and Jered B. Carr "A Reassessment of City/County Consolidation: Economic Development Impacts" in State and Local Government Review 29(3):166-171 (Fall 1997).
Gladfelder, Jane. California's Emergent Counties. Sacramento, CA: California Supervisors Association of California, 1968.
Glaser, Mark A., Kathryn G. Denhardt, and Joseph W. Grubbs. "Local Government-Sponsored Community Development: Exploring Relationships Between Perceptions of Empowerment and Commu-nity Impact." American Review of Public Administration 27 (1), no. March (1997): 76-94.
Heying, Charles H. "Civic Elites and Corporate Delocaliza-tion: An Alternative Explanation for Declining Civic Engage-ment." American Behavioral Scientist 40 (5), no. March/April (1997): 657-668.
Huber, Walter Roy. California State & Local Government in Crisis. Covina, CA: Educational Textbook Co., 1997.
Hyink, Bernard L. Politics and Government in California. 12th ed. New York: Harper & Row, 1989.
Kadlecek, James M. "Cooperation Among Local Governments." Na-tional Civic Review 86 (2), no. Summer (1997): 175-179.
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Martin, Philip L., and J. Edward Taylor. "Principal Paper Sessions: Changing Government Policy and Local Labor Markets: Impacts on the Rural Poor..." American Journal of Agricul-tural Economics 80 (5) (1998): 1008-1020
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Wheeler, Edward T. Government That Works: Innovation in State and Local Government. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, 1993. (Reserve)
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